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Old 08-14-2016, 09:10 AM
NuNu (Offline)
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The Pursuit of Being
The Phenomenon

Modern thought has realized considerable progress by reducing the existent to the series of appearances which manifest it. It's aim was to overcome a certain number of dualisms which have embarrassed philosophy and to replace them by the monism of the phenomenon. Has the attempt been successful?
In the first place we certainly thus get rid of that dualism which in the existent opposes interior to exterior. There is no longer and exterior for the existent if one means by that a superficial covering which hides from sight the true nature of the object. And this true nature in turn, if it is to be the secret reality of the thing, which one can have a presentiment of or which one can suppose but can never reach because it is the "interior" of the object under consideration---this nature no longer exists. The appearances which manifest the existent are neither interior nor exterior; they are all equal, they all refer to other appearances, and none of them is privileged. Force, for example, is not a metaphysical conatus of an unknown kind which hides behind its effects (accelerations, deviations, etc.); it is the totality of these effects. Similarly an electric current does not have a secret reverse side; it is nothing but the totality of the physical-chemical actions which manifest it (electrolysis, the incandescence of a carbon filament, the displacement of the needle of a galvanometer, etc.) No one of these actions alone is sufficient to reveal it. But no action indicates anything which is behind itself; It indicates only itself and the total series.

On and on for 798 pages.
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